Romanian Social Development Fund
" An organization for supporting people and their problems "
Programs • SDSCM 1
Social Development Scheme for Mining Communities

Social Development Scheme for Mining Communities
- pilot phase is a component of " Mines closing and social impact mitigation". Through the Project, initiated by the Ministry of Economy in 2000, 31 mines have been closed, different employment opportunities have been created for the manpower available and the capacity of the involved agencies to work for restructuring the mining sector has been developed.

Subscribing to all the steps to mitigate the social impact on the areas affected by mining sector restructuring, the Social Development Scheme for Mining Communities wanted to support the development of the mining communities capacity to manage their own problems. RSDF intervention at community level is part of the same principles of citizenship involvement, partnership, local contribution, and capacity development for running projects. The portfolio of projects and the support package offered to the beneficiaries in preparing and implementing the projects have been adapted to the specific nature of each mining community.

Period - 2004-2006

General objectives
   - socio-economic regeneration
   - promotion of local innitiatives
   - increase the project management ability

   - mining communities affected by industry restructuring process (rural and urban areas)
   - disadvantaged groups (rural and urban areas)

Value of the project - U.S. $ 6,9 millions

   - International Bank for Reconstruction and Development
   - Romanian Government

   - 75 facilitated communities
   - 69 small infrastructure works achieved
   - 10 small businesses started
   - 12 social services developed
   - 260 members of financed communities were trained in project management

"The projects financed by SDSMC meet the needs identified by communities and perceived as priorities [...]. The successes in getting the financing for the proposed projects and especially their successful implementation have a contagious effect at local level. The positive examples encourage other members of the community to take initiatives for solving some community problems" - external evaluation conducted by Gallup International Organization (2008)

RSDF intervention based on community initiatives required special efforts due to the quasi-general non-interference and mistrust attitude against the governmental measures at the mining community level. RSDF facilitators had a significant role in stimulating the community participation: they made the cartography of villages, peripheral and semi-peripheral areas of the mining urban localities, including the well-known poor areas (without access to water, sewerage, thermal station, etc) and informed and helped these communities to design an eligible financing request. The results showed up pretty soon:
   - 56 km of rehabilitated road, which improve access to school, public services, market, etc.
   - 37 km of water supply networks
   - 234 m²  built or rehabilitated area of community centers where can run cultural, social and inter-ethnic activities
   - 2410 disadvantaged people benefit of alternative social services (social-medical services for elder persons, playgrounds for children, multifunctional social centers, etc.) 
   - 4 processing and marketing centers for raw materials, 2 tourist pensions, 1 local transport service for people and 1 auto-service auto which act as local development poles