The Social Development Scheme for Mining Communities - phase II (SDSMC) - is a component of "Mine Closure, Environmental and Socio -Economic Regeneration" project (2007-2010) initiated by the Minister of Economy (Official Monitor nr. 515/06.17.2005).
The project is destined to the mining sector mitigation and socio-economic regeneration within the areas affected by mines closure and has more components divided into several sub-components.
SDSMC is part of the component named "Socio-Economic Regeneration" and, compared with the pilot phase, which was conducted until 2005, the scheme is addressing to a larger area of mining communities (19 counties). The experience of the pilot phase has been used for improving the working procedures, so that the intervention responds better to the current specific problems.
RSDF is responsible to implement this component and collaborates with the Romanian Agency for Sustainable Development of Industrial Zones (RASDIZ).
The beneficiaries are not only (former) miners and their families, but also the rest of the community, affected as well by the mining sector restructuring and for which no specific actions for development have been taken.
Despite other financing alternatives (PHARE, Sapard, etc) the number of financing requests for projects (422 projects) was high, so that many projects submitted to RSDF have been rejected due to the overrun of the allocated financing capacity within the scheme.
Period : 2006-2011
- Socio-economic regeneration
- Involving citizens in community development
- Increasing local capacity to initiate and manage local projects
- Mining communities affected by the restructuring industry (in both rural and urban areas)
- Disadvantaged groups from mining communities (in both rural and urban areas)
Grant scheme value: USD 22 million
- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (refundable loan granted to the Romanian Government)
- Romanian Government (state budget)
- 132 communities supported (feature) to prepare projects
- 202 small infrastructure works financed
- 25 small business initiated
- 18 community-based social services created/developed
- 670 community members trained in project management (on average, three individuals per project)
- over 123,000 people directly or indirectly benefited from the effects of the financed projects
According to the results of the external evaluation carried out by the Gallup Organization International at the time of approval of the first projects (March 2008):
- 73% of funded communities members stated that the project initiated in their community is useful or very useful.
- Most often RSDF is associated with attributes: professionalism, transparency, consultation, openness, support.
"Seeing that we had some achievements [with the projects financed by RSDF] other people wanted to start doing something. For this session there have also been submitted projects for funding. People will understand, more and more, that we need to have private initiatives and one cannot stay and wait for somebody's help...like it used to be before within the state-owned companies were everybody had a secure place to work" (beneficiary).